UZBEKISTAN

FROM GROWING COTTON TO SPINNING YARN

The central Asian country of Uzbekistan is the sixth largest cotton producer in the world. And even more important: When it comes to export of raw cotton, the country ranks second after the United States. More than 80 % of the total cropland is used to grow cotton. In 2017, Uzbekistan produced 2.7 million tons of raw cotton, for 2018 this amount is planed to increase by some 10 %. During the last decade, there have been enormous efforts to expand the domestic content along the whole value chain of textile production. Today, the amount of raw cotton, which is processed in Uzbekistan, is around 40 % of the total harvest. The government is aiming to increase this value up to 100 % in the next years, in order to generate added value within the domestic economy. Main measures will be the support of investments in spinning mills and other textile processing industries. The investment program for “Further development of the textile and garment and knitwear industry” supports several projects, which are aiming to produce finished export-oriented textile garments and knitwear products with high added value. The projects include the modernization, technical, and technological re-equipment of existing and the founding of new enterprises in textile industry.


Today, the 162 spinning mills – ring spinning and open-end spinning – produce in large part cotton yarns. The typical production spectrum comprises carded yarns Ne 20 - Ne 30 and combed yarns Ne20 - Ne 40. As Uzbekistan is a major cotton producer, 100 % of the raw cotton processed in the spinning mills originates from inside the country. The main export markets for textile product are Russia, China, and Turkey. As the vertical range of production increases, the necessity for quality control becomes obvious. Yarn clearers are among the typical technologies, which are needed to leverage the production. Over the last years, Uzbekistan is considered the fastest growing market in spinning worldwide. The number of new spinning facilities – new enterprises and expansion of existing spinning mills – shows a growth rate of 30 % per year. Spinning is by far the most booming sector in Uzbekistan. Therefore, the demand for high-end yarn clearers is huge. Especially the detection of foreign matter and the clearing of polypropylene fibers, originating from bale packaging, becomes an issue in the spinning mills. In the past couple of years, Loepfe – the market leader in optoelectronic quality control in winding – has definitely improved its market share with consistent new orders. In 2018, Loepfe consequently experiences a strong demand for its YarnMaster yarn clearers. For example, L.T. International, which is one of the largest spinning mills in Uzbekistan, equipped 68 winding machines from Schlafhorst with the newest Loepfe ZENIT+ with foreign fiber detection. The well-proven optical technology of these innovative yarn clearers is considered the best choice for difficult environmental working conditions in Uzbekistan.